AIR POLLUTION is
now our nation's number one environmental health concern."
(Environmental Protection Agency - 1995, statement
to the U.S. Senate).
In light of ever-increasing
energy costs, Americans are sealing their homes and buildings
with better windows, insulation, and moldings. We've effectively
created structures that cannot breathe, causing stale air to circulate
over and over without ever being "cleaned."
When homes and other buildings are sealed, mold can begin to grow
inside ductwork. As air passes through these ducts,
the mold - along with chemicals given off by paints, cleaners,
glues, pressed board furniture, pesticides, and of course, cigarette
smoke - is picked up and circulated throughout the structure.
According to the World Health Organization, 40% of all buildings
are a serious hazard to our health because of their polluted air.
If you knew you and your family were breathing this every day,
wouldn't you want to do something about it?
CAN INSTALL PORTABLE AIR PURIFICATION SYSTEMS
THAT WILL HELP A FAMILY BREATHE CLEAN AIR
of Indoor Air Pollution:
Particulates - Particles or particulate
matter are the general terms used for a mixture of solid particles
and liquid droplets found in the air. Over 99% of particulate
matter is invisible to the naked eye and measures less than 1 micron.
For airborne pollutants, the greatest concern is with particles
that are smaller than 2.5 microns because these can easily infiltrate
the lungs. On average, every cubic foot of untreated indoor
air contains 20 million particles.
Microbes - The general
category of microbes relates to three major types of organisms:
bacteria, protozoa, and fungi/mold. Sizes of these range from
.001 to 10 microns. Most of these contaminants rely on a humid
and moist environment for their growth & survival. Some
molds can produce certain chemicals, such as mycotoxins and Volatile
Organic Compounds (VOCs).
Gases & Odors - Indoor gases, such as benzene,
formaldehyde, chloroform, and hydrogen sulfide, are released from
furniture, cabinets, carpets, cleaning chemicals, copy machines,
insulation, pesticides, and hair sprays. Gases, ranging in
size from .0001 to .001 microns, include VOCs - chemicals containing
carbon that evaporate into the air easily, making them easier to
breathe in. Odors are typically made up of VOCs or other gases.
We can install patent-pending technology
to effectively attack the three major types of indoor air pollution.
Air Pollution SourcesThis
chart lists the most common pollutants found in homes and buildings
drapes, outdoor air
outdoor air, pets
|| Mold Spores
|| HVAC ducts,
carpets, outdoor air
containers, toilets, humans, A/C coils & ducts
foods, outdoor air, waste containers
natural gas and propane additive
of Air Purification Technologies
Key: Effective Partially Effective
Effective Partially Effective
* Our purifiers utilize a combination of negative ion generation,
ozone, and UV light technologies.
Technology Glossary - Definitions
ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESS: Oxidation is a
chemical reaction in which an oxidant breaks down a contaminant.
(The advanced oxidation process in our purification system uses
ultraviolet light rays to react with ozone, water vapor, and a catalyst
target to form super oxide ions and hydroperoxide radicals resulting
in superior bacterial killing power over traditional methods.)
Destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms.
BACTERIA: [pl. of bacterium] Bacteria are microscopic unicellular
prokaryotic organisms characterized by the lack of a membrane-bound
nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Bacteria were the only form
of life on earth for two billion years. They are remarkably adaptable
to diverse environmental conditions. Bacteria are found in the bodies
of all living organisms and on all parts of the earth.
the growth and reproduction of bacteria.
CATALYST: Substance that can cause a change in the rate of
a chemical reaction without itself being consumed in the reaction;
the changing of the reaction rate by use of a catalyst is called
CORONA DISCHARGE: Corona can be defined as a type of localized discharge
that results from high, non-uniform electric fields. It causes deterioration
of the insulator and sometimes causes complete breakdown. A corona
discharge is capable of producing oxides of nitrogen, which are
pollutants, and generates electromagnetic radiation that may disturb
radio and TV reception. The obvious ways to detect a corona are
by sight and sound. At high voltages, corona produces visible light
and audible noise. Corona can also be detected by using various
types of measuring equipment. When observed, corona may appear as
a faint glow. Our purification systeml does NOT use corona discharge.
Rather, it uses an ultraviolet lamp to produce light energy as a
photocatalyst. While powerful enough to create the advanced oxidation
process, the UV lamp does not create oxides of nitrogen that can
be irritating to the lungs and eyes.)
Causes pollutants to be removed from our breathing space and dropped
to surfaces where they can be vacuumed or cleaned up. Electron generation
does not produce an Electro Magnetic Field, such as high power lines
or microwaves. Our Purification System uses a unique dielectric
chamber for electron generation that produces an electrostatic field
that emits electrons into the surrounding air. The electrons emitted
into the air reduce the static charge inside rooms. These electrons
agglomerate with positively charged particles to become heavier,
neutrally charged particles. Because these particles are now heavier,
gravity is able to take over and pull the particles to the ground.
And, because they are no longer positively charged, they do not
resist settling onto horizontal surfaces (which are normally positively
ELECTRO MAGNETIC FIELD (EMF): In general,
when electric charges move in a non-steady manner, the electric
and magnetic fields that surround them change in a non-steady manner.
The disturbances of the “electro-magnetic field'' travel outward
from the source at the speed of light. Our purification system does
NOT produce an electro-magnetic field. It only produces an electrostatic
field that sends electrons into the air.)
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA): Agency
of the U.S. government, with headquarters in Washington, D.C. It
was established in 1970 to reduce and control air and water pollution,
noise pollution, radiation, and to ensure the safe handling and
disposal of toxic substances. The EPA engages in research, monitoring,
and the establishment and enforcement of national standards.
FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA):
Agency of the Public Health Service division of the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services. It is charged with protecting
public health by regulating food, drugs, dietary supplements, cosmetics,
and medical devices to to ensure these products are safe, effective
(if applicable) and truthfully labeled.
FUNGI: Fungi belongs to the kingdom of heterotrophic
single-celled, multinucleated, or multicellular organisms, including
yeasts, molds, and mushrooms. Previously classified in the plant
kingdom, fungi are nonmotile, like plants, but lack the vascular
tissues that form the true roots, stems, and leaves of plants. Unlike
algae or plants, fungi lack the chlorophyll necessary for photosynthesis
and must therefore live as parasites or saprobes. Typically they
release digestive enzymes onto a food source, partially dissolving
it to make the necessary organic or inorganic nutrients available.
Some fungi are pathogenic to humans and other animals. Some molds,
in particular, release toxic chemicals called mycotoxins that can
result in poisoning or death.
GAS (GASES): In physics, gases are one of
the three commonly recognized states of matter, the other two being
solid and liquid. A substance in the gaseous state has neither definite
shape nor definite volume. Like liquids, gases are fluids and assume
the shape of their containers. Unlike liquids, they will expand
to fill any container, regardless of its size. All gases condense
into liquids or solids when sufficiently cooled or compressed.
HEPA: High Efficiency Particulate Air (filter) is
a disposable, extended medium, dry type filter with a particle removal
efficiency of no less than 99.97 percent for 0.3 micrometer particles.
HVAC: Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning system.
A system for regulating the temperature, humidity, cleanliness,
and distribution of air.
A group of atoms consisting of a compound containing the monovalent
group OOH that is considered an entity in various kinds of reactions.
IAQ: Indoor Air Quality
refers to the quality of the air in the indoor environment. This
may also be referred to as Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ). Typical
symptoms of poor IAQ may include headaches, eyes and/or skin irritation,
nasal congestion, and dry and/or irritated nose or throat.
INHALATION: Breathing. Once inhaled, contaminants can be deposited
in the lungs, taken into the blood, or both.
INDOOR AIR POLLUTION:
Air pollutants that occur within buildings or other enclosed spaces,
as opposed to those occurring in outdoor, or ambient air. Some examples
of indoor air pollutants are nitrogen oxides, smoke, asbestos, formaldehyde,
and carbon monoxide.
ION: An electrically charged atom. An atom that has
lost one or more of its electrons is left with a positive electrical
charge; those that have gained one or more extra electrons are left
with a negative charge.
IONIZATION: The process of converting molecules wholly or partly
IONIZER: A product that emits ions. Negative ions can be
produced by copying any of the ways that nature uses ultraviolet
(lamps), radioactive sources etc. In most cases, the methods are
too dangerous, too expensive or just impractical. For this reason,
most manufacturers use the method called "corona discharge" which
is similar to lightning. A high voltage (but at extremely limited
current, for safety) is applied to one or more needles. Electricity
is a flow of individual electrons. And these electrons, supplied
by the internal circuit, are pushed down the needle towards the
point. The nearer they get to the point, the closer they become
forced together. Electrons naturally repel each other, so as they
reach the tip, the pressure becomes too much and they "jump" off,
onto the nearest air molecule, turning it into an ion. By adjusting
the voltage level, the needle profile and the various materials
used, this process can be made very efficient. As the negative ions
repel each other, they are driven from the needles as a gentle breeze,
forming a dense "cloud" in front of the ionizer.
MICROBES: See Microorganism. Grouped by physical and behavioral
characteristics, microbes fall into the following major categories:
viruses; bacteria; protozoa; and, fungi. Not all microbials are
removed or reduced by in our purification system.
MICROBIAL: Of, relating to, caused by, or being microbes.
MICROORGANISM: A microscopic organism, especially a bacterium,
fungus, or a protist.
MOLD: A common term for
microscopic forms of fungi; a growth of fungi forming a furry patch,
as on stale bread or cheese. See also spore. Mold and fungi are
organisms with rigid cell walls but no chlorophyll. The most common
indoor molds are Cladosporium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Alternaria.
All molds may cause allergic reactions in humans sensitive to mold.
Molds will grow anywhere indoors where there is moisture and a food
source. Many building materials provide this needed food source
- many consist of cellulose materials that are particularly suitable
for mold growth when they are wet. Examples include paper and paper
products, cardboard, ceiling tiles, wood, and wood products. See
also: Stachybotrys chartarum
MVOCS: Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds are volatile
chemicals produced by the metabolism of fungi and bacteria.
MYCOSTATIC: Of or relating to a mycostat (an agent that inhibits
the growth of molds).
MYCOTOXIN: Certain molds (such as Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium,
Chaetomium and Stachybotrys) release chemicals during their metabolic
cycle called mycotoxins, which can be toxic to humans and animals.
These chemicals can be found in the mold spores, within the mold
itself, and in the materials that the mold is growing. Inhalation
of mold spores or dust containing mycotoxins can result in human
exposure with potentially severe heath effects.
NEEDLEPOINT IONIZATION: One
of the methods of ionizing air. When a high voltage is applied to
a conductive surface that is not grounded, electrons will build
up until they find a place to “jump off.” A sharply pointed surface,
such as a needlepoint, allows the electrons to easily escape and
ionize the air surrounding the point. The type of ionization produced
(positive or negative) depends on the type of electrical charge
applied to the needlepoint.
OZONE: Oxygen with an extra, loosely held oxygen atom
that aggressively attaches itself to organics and microbials and
thereby oxidizes the organics and microbials. Ozone is formed when
ultraviolet radiation or electrical discharge splits the molecule
of the stable form of oxygen (O2). Ozone is one of the three allotropes
(forms) of oxygen.
PARTICULATE: A state of matter in which solid or liquid substances
exist in the form of aggregated molecules or particles. Airborne
particulate matter is typically in the size range of 0.01 to 100
micrometers. Particulate matter is a suspension of fine solid or
liquid particles in air, such as dust, fog, fume, mist, smoke, or
sprays. Particulate matter suspended in air is commonly known as
PHOTOHYDROIONIZATION: The process of ion formation utilizing radiation
energy (specific forms of light, such as ultraviolet light) and
The PhotoHydroIonization Module contains the unique ultraviolet
(UV) lamp and a tri-metallic catalyst. The UV light energy strikes
the target and combines with moisture and ozone in the module to
create hydroperoxide radicals and super oxide ions resulting in
antimicrobial, bacteriostatic, and odor control of indoor air. This
Advanced Oxidation Process is contained within the module treating
the contaminants drawn into it, and emitting fresh, clean air. While
the super oxide ions and hydroperoxide radicals are used up in the
process, some excess, very low levels of ozone may be emitted with
the treated air.
PHOTOCATALYTIC OXDATION (PCO):
A chemical reaction influenced or initiated by light that
removes electrons from a catalyst and adds those electrons to a
STACHYBOTRYS CHARTARUM: (also known by its synonym
Stachybotrys atra) is a greenish-black mold that may produce a mycotoxin.
Areas with excessive moisture that are subject to temperature changes
are ideal for Stachybotrys to grow. Because the spores of Stachybotrys
are wet and slimy, they do not get into the air easily unless the
material it is growing on is physically disturbed (for example,
if the material is cut or ripped out.) Most of the time, the spores
of Stachybotrys get spread around by becoming attached to building
or home dust, the bodies of insects or rodents or by getting washed
away in running water. Growth occurs when there is moisture from
water damage, excessive humidity, water leaks, condensation, water
infiltration, or flooding and typically grows on materials with
high cellulose content, such as fiberboard, drywall, newspaper,
gypsum board, wood, cardboard, paper, dust, lint, dropped ceiling
tiles, wall paper and wallboard. Stachybotrys does NOT grow on plastic,
vinyl, concrete products, or ceramic tiles (like in the shower)
and is NOT found in the green mold on bread. After the area dries,
the Stachybotrys will not continue to grow, but the black dust caused
by the fungus can be sucked up by the furnace blower and spread
throughout the house. Be sure and check your basement for mold even
if you do not use your basement. If you do not have access to the
basement, ask your landlord for assistance. Consult a professional
when dealing with this type of mold - do not attempt to extricate
it with our purification system.
SUPEROXIDE ION: An ion formed by the combination of one molecule
of dioxygen (O2) and one electron (e-).
A suspension of three metals specially coated on the targets
in the Photo-Ionization Module that, when struck by ultraviolet
light, produce photocatalytic oxidation, leading to the advanced
oxidation process.TOXIN: Any poison produced by another living organism
(usually a bacterium) that can damage the living body. See Mycotoxin.
UL CERTIFICATION: Underwriter’s Laboratory is an organization that
tests and certifies electrical devices and appliances for consumer
safety. (Although UL certification is not mandatory, a seller is
responsible for ensuring the safety of the product he sells).
Our purification system has been tested by UL and complies with
the electrical and mechanical requirements of the UL 867 standard.)
ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT (UV): The portion of the electromagnetic
spectrum extending from the violet, or short-wavelength, end of
the visible light range to the X-ray region. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation
is undetectable by the human eye, although when it falls on certain
materials it may cause them to fluoresce—i.e., emit electromagnetic
radiation of lower energy, such as visible light.
VOCS - VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (OR CHEMICALS):
Chemicals containing carbon are called organic. Volatile means that
they evaporate or get into the air easily which make them easier
to breathe in. Examples of common VOCs include benzene and trichlorethylene.,
and organics produced by microbes. See MVOCs.
Alamo, CA (925) 946-2500
License # 020952
Home Safety Inspections
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